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A Tonight we have a special guest from the local establishment the Prage Café。 Welcome.
B：Hi， thanks for have a meal on your show.
A：Thank you for joining us. So please tell us why do decide to open a café。
B：Well，we saw the opportunity to offer something a little special and different from other establishments. Cafe certainly is a very competitive market sector. There are more than plenty in our city， and we thought they are all rather similar to each other. Wouldn‘t you agree？
A：Certainly yes. So how is your establishment any different？
B：Well， since people we have rabbits wandering freely on the place； our customers come in and enjoy their food and drinks， while a little rabbit playing on their legs. There is no other place like it.
A：That‘s amazing. How do you come up with the idea？
B：So we thought why not rabbit？ People love the rabbits， they are very cute animals.
A：But it is safe？ Do the rabbit ever bite people or do any customer ever hurt the rabbits？
B：It is perfectly safe both for rabbits and our customers. Rabbits are very peaceful and safe. They don‘t bite. Our rabbits are regularly cleaned. So there is no risks ever. And as for our customers，they are all animals lovers. We will never try to hurt the rabbits. Sometimes some young child may get over excited and be a little too rough. But is never a serious matter. On the contrary， the café is a great experience for children. A chance they learn how to take care of the animals.
A：Well it is certainly the first time I heard of a café like that.
1. What do we learn about the woman？
2. What does the woman say about the café in her city？
3. How did Prage café guarantee the rabbit does not post a harmful threat？
4. What did the woman say about their customers？
M：Hey， there. How are you？
W：Oh，hi. I‘m great，thanks. And you look great too.
M： Thank you. It‘s good to see you shopping in the organic section. I see you got a lot of healthy stuff. I wish I could buy more organic produce from here. But I find that kids don’t like it. I don‘t know about yours， but mine are all about junk food.
W：Oh，trust me. I know exactly how you feel. My children are the same. What is it with kids these days that all like junk food they eat. I think it‘s all that advertising on TV. That’s where they get it.
M：Yes，it must be. My children see something on TV and they immediately want it. It‘s like they don’t realize it‘s just an advertisement.
W：Right，and practically everything that advertises for children is unhealthy processed food. No surprise then，it becomes a battle for us parents to feed our children ordinary food and vegetables.
M： That‘s just the thing. One never sees ordinary ingredients being advertised on TV. It’s never a carrot or a peach，it‘s always some garbage like chocolate covered sweets. So unhealthy.
W：Exactly. And these big food cooperations have so much money to spend on clever tactic design to make young people want to buy their products. Children never stand the chance，it‘s really not fair.
M：You are so right. When we were children，we barely had any junk food available and we turned out just fine.
W： Yes， my parents don‘t understand any of it. Both TV commercials and the supermarkets are alien to them. Their worlds were so different back to when they are young.
M： I don‘t know what will happen to the next generation.
W： The world is going crazy.
M： You bet.
Q5. What do the speakers say about the food their children like？
Q6. According to the speakers， what affects children‘s choice of food most？
Q7. What do the speakers believe big food cooperations are doing？
Q8. What do we know about the speakers when they were children？
At some 2300 miles in length，the Mississippi is the longest river in the United States. At some 1000 miles，the Mackenzie is the longest river in Canada. But these waterways seem mute in comparison to the world‘s two longest rivers —— the Nile and the Amazon. The Nile，which begins in central Africa and flows over 4100 miles north into the Mediterranean. Host to one of the world’s great ancient civilizations along its shores，Calm and peaceful for most of the year， the Nile used to flood annually. Their by creating，irrigating and caring new top soil to the nearby farmland on which ancient Egypt depended for a livelihood. As a means of transportation，the river carried various vessels up and down its length. A journey through the unconstructed part of this waterway today would pass by the splendid valley of the kings with tombs of many of these ancient monarchs，having stood for over 3000 years. Great civilizations and intensive settlements are hardly associated with the Amazon. Yet this 4000 mile-long south American river carries about 20% of the world‘s fresh water，more than the Mississippi，Nile and the Mackenzie combined. Other statistics are equally astonishing. the Amazon is so wide at some points that from its center neither shore can be seen. Each second the Amazon pours some 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic. There，at it’s mouth stands one island larger than Switzland. Most important of all，the Amazon irrigates the largest tropical rainforest on earth.
9. What can be found in the valley of the kings？
10. In what way is the Amazon different from other big rivers？
11. What does the speaker say about the Amazon？
How often do you say to people “I‘m busy” or “I haven’t got time for that.” It‘s inevitable true that all of us live a life in the far slain，even though we know that being busy is not always particular healthy. Growing-up in New Zealand，everything was always calm and slow，people enjoy the tranquility of a slower pace of life. After I moved to the Tokyo and lived there in a number of years，I got used to having a pilot to do lists. And my calendar always looks like a mass with lots of things to do. Return across it，I found myself feeling my timer with endless work meetings in social events. Russian along as busy as it be. Then，one day，I came across a book， called in praise of slowness and realized that being busy is not only detrimental， but also has the danger of turning life into endless race. So I started practicing various practical steps， mentioned by the author of the book，and began to revolt against every idea of being too busy. It doesn’t mean that to do lists no longer exist，but I become more aware of the important of slowing down and making sure that I enjoy the daily activities as I care about. From now on，when someone asked how your life is，try your responding with the words like “exciting and fun”，instead of the culture norm that says busy. Say if your experience that tranquility that follows.
12. What does the speaker think is inevitable truth？
13. What does the speaker about her life in Tokyo？
14. What makes the speaker change her life style？
15. What happened after the speaker changed her life style？
Government‘s private groups and indivisuals spend billions of dollars a year trying to route out non-native organisms that are considered dangerous to ecosystems and to prevent the introduction of new intruders.
But a number of scientists question the assumption that the presence of alien species can nevr be acceptable in a natural ecosystem.
They say that portraying introduced species as inherently bad is an unscientific approach. “Distinctions between exotic and native species are artificial”，said Dr. Michael Rosenspeek， a professor of evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona.
“Because they depend on pegging a date and calling the plans on animals that show up after the date， exotic.”
Ecosystems free of species to find as exotic are by default consider the most natural.
“You can‘t roll back the clock and remove all the exotics or fix habitats，” Dr. Rosenspeek said， “Both native and exotic species can become invasive，and so they all have to be monitored and controlled when they begin to get out of the hand ”
At its core， the debate is about how to manage the world‘s remaining natural ecosystems and how and how much to restore other habitats.
Species that invade a territory can harm ecosystems，agriculture and human health.
They can threaten some native species or even destroy and replace others.
Next habitat loss，these evasive species represents the greatest threat to bio-diversity worldwide， many ecologists say.
Ecologists generally define an alien species as one that people accidentally or deliberately carried to its new location.
Across the American continents，exotic species are those introduced after the first European contact.
That date rounded of to 15 AD， represents what ecologist considered to have been a major shift in the spread of species including crops and life stock as they began to migrate with humans from continent to continent.
“Only a small percentage of alien species calls problems in their new habitats，”said Don Smith，professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the Univiersity of Tenacy.
“Of the 7000 alien species in the United States，out of a total of 150 species，only about 10% are invasive，”he pointed out，“The other 90% have fit into their environments and are considered naturalized. ”
“Yet appearances can deceive，”ecologiest caution，“and many these exotics may be considered acceptable only because no one has documented their harmful affects .What is more， non native species can appear harmless then turn invasive.”
16.What assumption about introduced species is challenged by a number of scientists？
17.What does Dr. Michael Rosenspeek think of exotic native species ？
18. What does Professor Don Smith say about alien species？
Good morning，ladies and gentlemen. And welcome to the third in our cities of business seminars in the program doing business abroad. 19.Today we are going to look for different culture awareness. That is the fact that not everyone is in British. Not everyone speaks in English and not everyone does business in the British way. And why should they？If overseas business people are selling to us and they will make every effort to speak English and to expect our tradition methods. It is only polite for us to do the same when we visit them. It is not only polite but it is central if we want to sell British projects overseas.
First， a short quiz. Let‘s see how to in cultivate where we are. Question one ： where must you not drink alcohol in the first and second of every month. Question two： Where should you never admire your host positions？Question three：how should you attract the waiter during the business lunch in banquet. And question four：Where should you try to make all your appointments either before 2 or after 5：30 pm ？
Okay，everyone has the chance to make some notes. Right，here are the answers. Although I‘m sure the information could equally well apply to countries other than your chosen. So No.1 ， you must long drink alcohol in the first and second in Indian. 20.And in that hotels you may find that served but if you had a meal with an Indian colleague. Remember to avoid asking for a beer. No.2 ，In other countries，the politeness in general society is that people without power all. If you admire your colleague beautiful golden bowls you may well find yourself being present with them .This is not the cheat yourself way，however，as your host will find the equal words and beauty. In Thailand，keeping the fingers clapping your hands or shouting at the waiter will embarrass your hosts，fellow diners，waiter himself most of all-you.Place you palm down to make an implicit gesture and sacrificing the results，21.And finally，in Spain， some businesses may stay working until 2 o’clock and returning to the office from 5：30 to 8 or 9 in the evening.
19.What should you do when you do business with foreigners？
20.What you must avoid doing with your Indian colleague？
21.What do we learn about some Spanish people？
Shortly after he took over the Reader‘s Digest Association in 1984， George Grune unlocked the company’s boardroom and announced that the room was now open to the employees. It was a symbolic act，indicating that under Grune‘s leadership，Reader’s Digest was going to be different. True to his word，Grune has shaken up the culture here. To get an idea of the culture we‘re talking about，consider the boardroom Grune opened up，it has artworks that any museum in the world would want to collect，paintings by many world famous artists like Monet and Picasso.
Its headquarters‘houses sum 3，000 works of art.The Main building is topped with a Georgian Tower with four sculptures of the mythical winged horse， the magazine corporate logo. It sits on 127 acres of well trimmed lawns. The editor’s office used to be occupied by founder Dewitt Wallace， who along with his wife Lila Acheson Wallace， launched Reader‘s Digest in 1922 with condensed articles from other publications.It has become the world’s most widely read magazine，selling 28 million copies each month in 17 languages and 41 different editions. The Wallaces，both children of church ministers，had a clearly defined formula for their little magazine. As Reader‘s Digest was originally subtitled，articles were to be short，readable and uplifting. Subjects were picked to inspire or entertain. The Wallaces didn’t accept advertising in the US edition until 1955 and even then they didn‘t allow any ads for cigarettes，liquor or drugs. The Wallaces also had a clear sense of the kind of workplace they wanted. It started as a mama and papa operation and the childless Wallaces always considered employees to be part of their family.Employees still tell stories of how the Wallaces would take care of their employees who had met with misfortunes and they showered their employees with unusual benefits like a turkey on Thanksgiving and Fridays off in May. This cozy workplace is no longer exists here.The Wallaces both died in their nineties in the early 1981s. George Grune，a former ad salesman who joined Reader’s Digest in 1960 has his eyes focused on the bottom line. In a few short years， he turned the magazine on its head， he laid off several hundred workers，especially hard hit where the blue and paint color departments such as subscription fulfillment.
Question22. What did George Grune do in 1984？
Question23. How did the Wallaces find the formula for Reader‘s Digest？
Question24. What do we learn about the founder of Reader‘s Digest Dewitt Wallace？
Question25. What change took place in Reader‘s Digest after the Wallaces death？
1. D） She is the owner of a special cafe.
2. A） They bear a lot of similarities.
3. A） By giving them regular cleaning and injections.
4. C） They love the animal in her cafe.
5. D） It is mostly garbage.
6. B） TV commercials.
7. C） Trying to trick children into buying their products.
8. C） They seldom had junk food
9. C）Tombs of ancient rulers.
10. B） It‘s hardly associated with great civilizations.
11. A ） It carries about one fifth of the world‘s fresh water.
12.B） We are always in a rush to do various things.
13. C） She was accustomed to tight schedules.
14. D） Reading a book about slowing down.
15. B） She came to enjoy everyday tasks.
16. C） They pose a threat to the local ecosystem.
17. D） Their distinctions are artificial.
18. A） Only a few of them cause problems to native species.
19. A）Respect their traditional culture.
20. C） Drinking alcohol on certain days of a month.
21.D） They have a break from 2：00 to 5：30.
22. D） He had the company‘s bedroom extensively renovated.
23. B） Its articles should be short and inspiring.
24 D） He treated the employees like members of his family.
25 C） Several hundred of its employees got fired.